Describe a historical period you would like to know more about

Describe a historical period you would like to know more about thuộc nhóm chủ đề “Describe an event (miêu tả sự kiện)” là chủ đề thường được đưa ra trong bài thi nói học thuật như IELTS Speaking Part 2. Bài viết sau đây sẽ gợi ý bài nói mẫu và hướng dẫn trả lời lưu loát và gây ấn tượng với giảm khảo cho chủ đề này.
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describe a historical period you would like to know more about

You should say:

  • When it was

  • What you are interested in

  • What you have learnt already

And explain why you would like to know more.

Dàn ý Describe a historical period you would like to know more about

  • Situation - The medieval period from around the 5th century to the 15th century.

  • Task - The way that people lived in those times before any kind of modern technology, life was quite harsh back then.

  • Action -Farming to survive, something quite attractive about the simple life without modern technology, people were living such a raw life.

  • Result - Struggling against the elements of nature and life, faced with so much hardship and adversity not like today.

Bài mẫu Describe a historical period you would like to know more about

A time in history that I would like to know more about is the medieval period, or the middle ages, as it's also referred to. I think this period in history was from around the 5th century to the 15th century, or something along those lines anyway. What I am mainly interested in is the way that people lived in those times, because it was a time well before any kind of modern technology was around, there were no cars, no electricity, no modern appliances, and probably not even many shops either. It was a time of kings and queens, and knights in shining armor, when people rode on horseback, or probably walked if you were only a lowly peasant, which probably most people were. I think life was quite harsh back then, and most people lived on the land, farming to survive. And if their crops weren’t successful, then starvation was a real possibility. I think there was a 50% chance that a child would make it to be 1 year old. I don’t really know much at all about this period in history, except for what I have seen in films, which is probably not a very accurate portrayal of life back then

But apart from being a harsh life, and the average life expectancy being only around 30-35 years-old, in some way I am still fascinated about what it was like to live back then. I mean, I know it was a hard life if you were only a poor peasant, but there is still something quite attractive to me about the simple life, before modern technology, before mobile phones, and cars, and electricity. Maybe if you were someone in the upper classes of society, life may not have been so bad, except for when your village or country was unexpectedly invaded, and everybody was killed, I guess that wouldn’t have been so fun. I guess I just feel like they were living such a raw life back then, just people struggling against the elements of nature and life, faced with so much hardship and adversity. Not like today, where people are obsessed with how many likes their post got on instagram, or how many Facebook friends they have.

Xem thêm: Describe a competition (egmusic, cooking, sport) that you would like to compete in

Từ vựng cần lưu ý

  • the medieval period: thời kì Trung Cổ

  • the middle ages: thời kì Trung Cổ

  • something along those lines: thứ tương tự ở mốc thời gian đó

  • knights in shining armor: các hiệp sĩ trong bộ giáp sáng bóng

  • rode on horseback: cưỡi trên lưng ngựa

  • a lowly peasant: một người dân thấp hèn

  • lived on the land: sống trên đất liền 

  • starvation (n)  /stɑːrˈveɪ.ʃən/: nạn đói

Ex: The animals had died of starvation.

  • accurate portrayal of life back then: bức chân dung phản chiếu chính xác đời sống thời đó

  • a harsh life: một cuộc sống khó khăn

  • the average life expectancy: tuổi thọ trung bình

Ex: The average life expectancy in Europe increased greatly in the 20th century.

  • fascinated about / ˈfæsɪneɪtɪd əˈbaʊt /: vô cùng thích thú, hứng thú

  • the upper classes of society: những tầng lớp thượng lưu của xã hội

  • invade (v)  /ɪnˈveɪd/: xâm lược

  • struggling against the elements: chật vật xoay sở với nhiều yếu tố

  • hardship and adversity / ˈhɑːdʃɪp ənd ədˈvɜːsəti /: khó khăn và nghịch cảnh

  • Facebook friends: những người bạn trên mạng xã hội Facebook

Tham khảo:

Bài mẫu IELTS Speaking Part 3

1. Should everyone know about history?

I don’t really think so. I think they should teach kids some basic history in primary school, and then if they want to learn more about it they could choose that subject at high school. But I don’t really think people have to know about history. I’m not sure how that would actually benefit regular people anyway. I mean, it doesn’t really make any difference to my life now by knowing what happened in the past does it? Anyway, can we really trust what is written in history books though? I think some things that are taught in history might not be an accurate portrayal of what really happened. Even many historians disagree about certain historical reports throughout history.

  • an accurate portrayal of what really happened: một mô tả chính xác về những gì thực sự đã xảy ra.
    By looking at pictures in museums, we have have an accurate portrayal of what really happened.

  • historians (n): nhà sử học.
    Ex: He wants to become a historian some days.

2. In what ways can children learn about history?

Well I guess kids already learn about history at school. But apart from that, they could do research online themselves if they were really interested in learning about history. There are a million and one videos on Youtube related to history. Or they could do it the good old fashioned way, and go to a library and read some books on any history topic they like. 

  • the good old fashioned way: một cách tốt xưa cũ.
    Ex: I think we should solve it the good old fashioned way.

  • a million and one: rất nhiều.
    Ex: There are million and one places to entertain these days.

3. Is it hard to protect historical buildings?

Well that probably depends on the country I suppose and the authorities in that country. Some governments are more interested in preserving historical buildings than others. Like in many European countries, the old buildings are a real part of their culture and identity, so they preserve them, and then they become tourist attractions. So, I don’t think it's hard to protect historical buildings, but it just depends on the attitudes of the people and their government really.

  • preserving historical buildings: bảo tồn các tòa nhà lịch sử.
    Ex: It’s important to preserving historical buildings.

  • part of their culture and identity: một phần văn hóa và bản sắc của họ.
    Ex: History is a part of their culture and identity.

4. How do museums teach people about history?

I suppose it depends on the type of museum really, but many museums tend to exhibit different types of artifacts and other treasures from different historical periods. So, by visiting museums, we can see all these old artifacts and read about them there and it helps us to get a sense of what it might have been like in those times. For example, in some museums they have dinosaur bones, or at least a full scale replica dinosaur skeleton. These kinds of things can help to spark our imaginations into thinking about what life was like in the past.

  • artifacts (n) : hiện vật
    Ex: You can see many types of artifacts in that museums.

  •  to spark our imaginations: châm ngòi cho trí tưởng tượng của chúng ta.
    Ex: Looking at those pictures can spark our imaginations.

a full scale replica: một bản sao quy mô đầy đủ.
Ex: I could see a full scale repilca of dinosaur yesterday when I was at the museum.

Hy vọng thông qua bài viết, người học đã nắm được cách triển khai ý cho chủ đề “Describe a historical period you would like to know more about”.

Tham gia ngay khóa học IELTS để các giảng viên giúp bạn định hướng luyện tập hiệu quả và nắm vững các kỹ năng cần thiết để thành công trong kỳ thi.

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