Tổng hợp bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ đầy đủ kèm đáp án chi tiết

Trong bài viết dưới đây, Anh ngữ ZIM sẽ giới thiệu cho người học tổng hợp bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ với đầy đủ các dạng khác nhau cùng đáp án chi tiết.
Nguyễn Văn Quang Long
29/06/2023
tong hop bai tap menh de quan he day du kem dap an chi tiet

Mệnh đề quan hệ là một trong những chủ điểm ngữ pháp phổ biến và thường xuyên xuất hiện trong các bài kiểm tra tiếng Anh. Tuy nhiên, một số người học vẫn còn khó khăn trong việc chinh phục dạng bài tập này vì thiếu tài liệu để ôn tập.

Trong bài viết dưới đây, Anh ngữ ZIM sẽ giới thiệu cho người học tổng hợp bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ với đầy đủ các dạng khác nhau cùng đáp án chi tiết.

Key takeaways:

  • Để có thể thành thạo mệnh đề quan hệ, người học cần thường xuyên ôn tập kiến thức ngữ pháp này qua các dạng bài tập khác nhau.

  • Một số dạng bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ thông dụng: viết lại câu, trắc nghiệm, điền vào chỗ trống, rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ.

Bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ dạng viết lại câu

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Kết hợp 2 câu thành một câu sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ:

  1. Those paintings caught everyone's attention. They were displayed in Jhon’s gallery.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The laptop arrived in perfect condition. I bought it online.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The astronaut finally embarked on her mission to space. She had trained for years.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The city received a lot of international aid and support. It was devastated by the earthquake.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The Smiths are throwing a party tonight. They are our neighbors.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The forest is a haven for wildlife conservation. Diverse species thrive there.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. This ancient ruin provides valuable insights into the past. It was discovered by a famous archaeologist.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________ .

  1. The disease poses a significant challenge for medical researchers. It currently has no cure.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The professor won the Nobel Prize for his groundbreaking research. He is an expert in quantum physics.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The song brought tears to my eyes. My best friend sang it at my wedding.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. Phan Thiet had crystal-clear water. We visited it during our vacation.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. My mother’s garden is a peaceful retreat for nature lovers. Flowers bloom in vibrant colors in her garden.

→ __________________________________________________________________________.

  1. Usain Bolt is considered one of the greatest of all time. He broke several world records.

→ __________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The artist will hold a solo exhibition next month. Her paintings are exhibited worldwide.

→ __________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The Taj Mahal is a symbol of love and architectural beauty. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

→ __________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The wedding had a romantic ambiance. It was held in a picturesque vineyard.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The mountain attracts experienced climbers. It stands at an elevation of 4,000 meters.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________ .

  1. This professor is leading groundbreaking research. She holds a PhD in astrophysics.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. The doctor provided excellent medical care. I owe my recovery to him.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

  1. Michael's new job offers great career prospects. He obtained it through networking.

→ ___________________________________________________________________________.

Đáp án:

  1. Those paintings, which were displayed in John’s gallery, caught everyone's attention.

  2. The laptop which (that) I bought online arrived in perfect condition.

  3. The astronaut who (that) had trained for years finally embarked on her mission to space.

  4. The city which (that) was devastated by the earthquake received a lot of international aid and support.

  5. The Smiths, who are our neighbors, are throwing a party tonight.

  6. The forest, where diverse species thrive, is a haven for wildlife conservation.

  7. This ancient site, which was discovered by a famous archaeologist, provides valuable insights into the past.

  8. The disease for which there is currently no cure poses a significant challenge for medical researchers.

  9. The professor who (that) is an expert in quantum physics won the Nobel Prize for his groundbreaking research.

  10. The song which (that) my best friend sang at my wedding brought tears to my eyes.

  11. Phan Thiet, which we visited during our vacation, had crystal-clear water.

  12. My mother’s garden, where (in which) flowers bloom in vibrant colors, is a peaceful retreat for nature lovers.

  13. Usain Bolt, who broke several world records, is considered one of the greatest of all time.

  14. The artist whose paintings are exhibited worldwide will hold a solo exhibition next month.

  15. The Taj Mahal, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a symbol of love and architectural beauty

  16. The wedding, which (that) was held in a picturesque vineyard, had a romantic ambiance.

  17. The mountain, which (that) stands at an elevation of 4,000 meters, attracts experienced climbers.

  18. This professor, who (that) holds a PhD in astrophysics, is leading groundbreaking research.

  19. The doctor to whom I owe my recovery provided excellent medical care.

  20. Michael's new job, which he obtained through networking, offers great career prospects.

Bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ dạng trắc nghiệm

image-alt

Chọn đáp án thích hợp điền vào chỗ trống:

  1. This famous musician, _____ I had the pleasure of meeting backstage, performed an amazing concert.

A. who

B. that

C. which

  1. The artist _____ painted that masterpiece is considered a master of realism.

A. whom

B. that

C. which

  1. That project, ______ we completed ahead of schedule, impressed our clients.

A. that

B. which

C. whose

  1. The restaurant _____ serves authentic Italian cuisine is always busy during dinner.

A. whose

B. who

C. which

  1. The girl ______ father is a famous actor just released her debut album.

A. that

B. who

C. whose

  1. The Statue of Liberty, _____ stands tall in New York City, is a symbol of freedom.

A. that

B. who

C. which

  1. The movie ended on a cliffhanger, ______ left the audience eager for a sequel.

A. which

B. who

C. that

  1. The dog ______ owner trained it well won first place in the obedience competition.

A. who

B. which

C. whose

  1. My neighbor, with ______ I often chat, is a retired professor.

A. who

B. whom

C. that

  1. The news spread like wildfire, ______ led to widespread panic.

A. that

B. which

C. what

  1. The politician, for _____ many people have voted, has promised to bring about positive change.

A. that

B. whom

C. who

  1. The friend ______ accompanied me to the concert had an extra ticket.

A. which

B. that

C. whose

  1. The architect _______ designed this building is known for innovative and sustainable designs.

A. whom

B. whose

C. who

  1. The student _______ project received the highest grade presented her findings at a national conference.

A. whom

B. whose

C. who

  1. The cat climbed up the tree, ______ caused quite a commotion.

A. that

B. who

C. which

  1. The car _____ engine was recently upgraded is now more fuel-efficient.

A. whose

B. whom

C. who

  1. My sister, _______ I love dearly, just got accepted into her dream university.

A. who

B. whose

C. that

  1. The house ______ is located near the beach offers stunning ocean views.

A. that

B. who

C. whom

  1. I visited Paris, where I fell in love with the charming streets and iconic landmarks.

A. who

B. where

C. whom

  1. The student ______ won the scholarship is now pursuing a degree in engineering.

A. whom

B. who

C. which

Đáp án:

  1. A. who

  2. B. that

  3. B. which

  4. C. which

  5. C. whose

  6. C. which

  7. A. which

  8. C. whose

  9. B. whom

  10. B. which

  11. B. whom

  12. B. that

  13. C. who

  14. B. whose

  15. C. which

  16. A. whose

  17. A. who

  18. A. that

  19. B. where

  20. B. who

Bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ dạng điền vào chỗ trống

image-alt

Chọn một từ để điền vào mỗi chỗ trống. Không sử dụng “that” hoặc bỏ trống.

Đoạn văn A:

Traveling to new destinations is an exhilarating experience (1)______ broadens one's horizons. The world is full of fascinating places, some of (2)_______ are renowned for their rich history and cultural heritage. For instance, Rome, (3)_____ is known as the Eternal City, boasts iconic landmarks such as the Colosseum and St. Peter's Basilica. Exploring these architectural marvels, which have withstood the test of time, gives a sense of awe and wonder. Additionally, meeting people from different backgrounds and cultures is an enriching aspect of travel. The fellow travelers (4) ______ we encounter along the way often become lifelong friends, sharing memorable adventures and stories. The local guides, (5)______ possess extensive knowledge of the area, provide valuable insights into the customs and traditions of the region. Moreover, immersing oneself in the local cuisine is a delight (6)______ reveals the flavors and culinary traditions of the destination. Trying dishes prepared by skilled chefs, (7) ______ passion for food is evident, offers a true gastronomic experience. Overall, traveling opens up a world of possibilities and creates lifelong memories (8)_____ shape our perspective on life.

Đoạn văn B:

Education is a fundamental right that empowers individuals and shapes societies. Teachers play a vital role in this process, as they are the ones (1)____ inspire and guide students on their educational journey. Students, (2)______ we often underestimate their potential, possess unique talents and perspectives that contribute to the learning environment. It is crucial to create inclusive classrooms (3)_____ every student feels valued and respected for who they are. Furthermore, parents, (4)_____ support is invaluable, play a significant role in a child's educational development. They are the ones (5)_____ encourage and motivate their children to reach their full potential. Educational institutions, (6)______ have a responsibility to provide quality education, must ensure that all students have equal opportunities to learn and grow. In addition, researchers and scholars, (7)_____ dedication to knowledge is commendable, push the boundaries of academic understanding through their discoveries and contributions. It is through the collaborative efforts of all these individuals, (8)_____ are committed to the pursuit of knowledge, that we can build a brighter future.

Đáp án:

A.

  1. which

  2. which

  3. which

  4. whom

  5. who

  6. which

  7. whose

  8. which

B.

  1. who

  2. whom

  3. where

  4. whose

  5. who

  6. which

  7. whose

  8. who

Bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ dạng rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ

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Rút gọn các mệnh đề quan hệ sau (một số câu không phù hợp để rút gọn):

  1. The car which is parked outside belongs to my neighbor.

→ The car ________________________________________________.

  1. The girl who wore a red dress won the talent show.

→ The girl ________________________________________________.

  1. He is the first person who successfully completed the challenging expedition to Mount Everest.

→ He is ___________________________________________________.

  1. Messi, who is a famous soccer player, scored a stunning goal in the final minutes of the match.

→ Messi __________________________________________________.

→ Messi __________________________________________________.

  1. There is something that is not right here.

→ There is something _____________________________________.

  1. This car, which is a sleek and luxurious sedan, caught everyone's attention as it cruised down the street.

→ This car _________________________________________________.

→ This car__________________________________________________.

  1. The book, which has been on the bestseller list for months, tells a captivating story of love and adventure.

→ The book _________________________________________________.

  1. The woman, who is a renowned scientist with multiple published research papers, received the prestigious award for her groundbreaking discoveries.

→ The woman _______________________________________________.

  1. That dog, who was rescued from a neglectful situation, has now found a loving home and is enjoying a happy and healthy life.

→ That dog ___________________________________________________.

  1. The city, which is known for its vibrant nightlife and cultural festivals, attracts tourists from around the world.

→ The city ____________________________________________________.

  1. Jill is the only person who truly understands the complexity of the situation and can provide valuable insights.

→ Jill _________________________________________________________.

  1. The friend who has been a source of support and encouragement helped me through difficult times and celebrated my achievements.

→ The friend __________________________________________________.

  1. The woman who won the lottery donated a significant portion of her winnings to charity.

→ The woman _________________________________________________.

  1. The cake that was baked by my sister won first prize at the baking competition.

→ The cake ____________________________________________________.

  1. This museum, which houses an extensive collection of historical artifacts and masterpieces, provides visitors with a rich cultural experience.

→ This museum _________________________________________________.

  1. The award that was given to the team recognized their outstanding achievements.

→ The award ____________________________________________________.

  1. The artwork that was created by the famous artist will be displayed in a museum.

→ The art work __________________________________________________.

  1. There is somebody who knows what went wrong.

→ There is ______________________________________________________.

  1. His father is the first person who offered congratulations on his achievement.

→ His father ____________________________________________________.

  1. The book that was written by Jane has been translated into several languages.

→ The book ____________________________________________________.

Xem thêm: Tổng hợp lý thuyết rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ

Đáp án:

  1. The car parked outside belongs to my neighbor.

  2. The girl wearing a red dress won the talent show.

  3. He is the first person to successfully complete the challenging expedition to Mount Everest.

  4. Messi, being a famous soccer player, scored a stunning goal in the final minutes of the match.

    Messi, a famous soccer player, scored a stunning goal in the final minutes of the match.

  5. There is something that is not right here.

     

    There is something not right here.

  6. This car, being a sleek and luxurious sedan, caught everyone's attention as it cruised down the street.

     

    This car, a sleek and luxurious sedan, caught everyone's attention as it cruised down the street.

  7. The book, which has been on the bestseller list for months, tells a captivating story of love and adventure.

  8. The woman, a renowned scientist with multiple published research papers, received the prestigious award for her groundbreaking discoveries.

  9. That dog, rescued from a neglectful situation, has now found a loving home and is enjoying a happy and healthy life.

  10. The city, known for its vibrant nightlife and cultural festivals, attracts tourists from around the world.

  11. Jill is the only person who truly understands the complexity of the situation and can provide valuable insights.

     

  12. My friend, who was a source of support and encouragement, helped me through difficult times and celebrated my achievements.

  13. The woman who won the lottery donated a significant portion of her winnings to charity.

  14. The cake baked by my sister won first prize at the baking competition.

  15. This museum, housing an extensive collection of historical artifacts and masterpieces, provides visitors with a rich cultural experience.

  16. The award given to the team recognized their outstanding achievements.

  17. The artwork created by the famous artist will be displayed in a museum.

  18. There is somebody who knows what went wrong.

  19. His father is the first to offer congratulations on his achievement.

     

  20. The book written by Jane has been translated into several languages.

Tổng kết

Trong bài viết trên, Anh ngữ ZIM đã gửi đến người học tổng hợp bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ trong tiếng anh một cách đầy đủ nhất. Hy vọng, người học có thể áp dụng các kiến thức đã học để hoàn thành các bài tập trên, từ đó nắm vững kiến thức về mệnh đề quan hệ.


Tài liệu tham khảo:

“Relative Clauses.” English Grammar Today - Cambridge Dictionary, dictionary.cambridge.org/vi/grammar/british-grammar/relative-clauses_2. Accessed 12 June 2023.

Bạn muốn trở nên tự tin giao tiếp với bạn bè quốc tế hay nâng cao khả năng giao tiếp trong công việc và thăng tiến trong sự nghiệp. Hãy bắt đầu hành trình chinh phục mục tiêu với khóa học tiếng Anh giao tiếp hôm nay!

Đinh Huỳnh Quế Dung

Đã kiểm duyệt nội dung

Trình độ tiếng Anh hiện tại. IELTS 8.5.

Tôi tên là Đinh Huỳnh Quế Dung. Tôi là một giáo viên tiếng anh với 2 năm kinh nghiệm tutor tại trường Daemen College (2/2019 - 3/2020), hơn 2 năm kinh nghiệm giảng dạy tiếng Anh giao tiếp và IELTS. Hiện tại, tôi đang theo học chương Trình Thạc sĩ ngôn ngữ học chuyên về phương pháp giảng dạy tiếng Anh với trường Đại học Benedictine, Hoa Kỳ. Tôi đã bắt đầu luyện và học IELTS từ khi tôi học cấp 3 và đạt 8.5 ở 2 lần thi gần đạy nhất: thi năm 8/2020 (Overall: 8.5, L,R: 8.5, S: 9, W: 7.5) và thi 8/2022 (Overall: 8.5, L: 9, R: 8.5, W: 7.5, S:8). Tôi hiện đang tham gia dự án viết đề IELTS cho các bài thi thử và sách, nghiên cứu và duyệt bài học thuật, cho trung tâm.

Tôi nghĩ tiếng Anh là một ngôn ngữ phổ biến và có nhiều tính ứng dụng trong thế giới hiện nay. Ngoại trừ những lợi ích cho não bộ khi biết hai ngôn ngữ trở lên, tiếng Anh còn mở ra nhiều cánh cửa cho học sinh và người học, như cơ hội du học, đi du lịch nhiều nước, đọc được tài liệu từ nhiều nguồn khác nhau, cơ hội đào tạo ngắn hạn ở nước ngoài, làm việc cho công ty quốc tế, định cư, v.v. Vì vậy, tôi nghĩ sứ mệnh lâu dài của tôi là giúp được càng nhiều người giao tiếp thuần thục được bằng tiếng Anh càng tốt và có thể đạt được những cơ hội này.

"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world” - Nelson Mandela

Tiếng Anh không đơn giản chỉ là một ngôn ngữ, mà nó còn có thể cho bạn chìa khoá dẫn đến tri thức và giáo dục, và còn là một công cụ mạnh mẽ có giúp bạn thay đổi thế giới.

Bạn muốn học thêm về nội dung này?

Đặt lịch học 1-1 với Giảng viên tại ZIM để được học sâu hơn về nội dung của bài viết bạn đang đọc. Thời gian linh hoạt và học phí theo buổi

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