Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Band 8 và từ vựng theo chủ đề Environment

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Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Band 8 và từ vựng theo chủ đề Environment.


Fossil fuel is the main source of energy. In some countries, the use of alternative sources of energy is encouraged. To what extent do you think is it a positive or negative development?

Band 8 Sample

Governments across continents have turned their attention to more sustainable sources of energy as alternatives to fossil fuels. In my opinion, this could be seen as a progress for the following reasons.

First, there is no arguing that producing energy from buried dead organisms lacks sustainability, which means such production could not guarantee the survival of humans in the long term. In fact, the consumption of energy generated from fossil fuels tends to accelerate in direct correlation with the growth of the world population. With the current rate of exploitation, this valuable resource would dwindle away in no time, leaving no other choices than seeking additional reserves such as nuclear power or hydroelectricity. This is a safe solution to the fear of energy scarcity and ensures the future development of the human race.

Second, dependence on fossil fuel for worldwide energy supply would cause environmental degradation while using solar power, for example, is considered an ultimate choice of energy conservation. The combustion of fossil fuels is the culprit of greenhouse gas emission and other air pollutants, leading to tremendous damage to the environment. Such suffering of the Earth could not be justified by the growing need of humans. By contrast, this would never be the case when it comes to other alternatives as mentioned above. If governments continue to invest in exploiting those new sources, there will be an unlimited amount of inexpensive energy on the long run.

In conclusion, I believe that the use of other potential energy sources to replace fossil fuel is obviously an important step forward.

Word count: 260

By ZIM Academic English School

Vocabulary highlights:

1. The current rate of exploitation: Tốc độ khai thác hiện nay

2. Energy scarcity: Khan hiếm năng lượng

3. The future development of the human race: Sự phát triển trong tương lai của loài người

4. Environmental degradation: Sự thoái hóa của môi trường

5. The combustion of fossil fuels: Sự đốt cháy năng lượng hóa thạch

6. An unlimited amount of inexpensive energy: Một lượng bất tận năng lượng rẻ