Cause and Effect Essay Sample - Bài mẫu kèm từ vựng

Bài viết tổng hợp 5 bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 dạng bài Cause and Effect Essay từ các đề thi được ra trong năm 2024 và năm 2023, kèm theo từ vựng liên quan.
Huỳnh Kim Ngân
02/05/2024
cause and effect essay sample bai mau kem tu vung

Cause and effect essay là dạng bài thường gặp trong IELTS Writing Task 2. Để chinh phục được dạng đề này, thí sinh không những phải nắm chắc cách thức triển khai ý tưởng mà còn phải có đa dạng góc nhìn và ý tưởng cho bài viết. Từ đó thí sinh mới có thể xử lý hiệu quả trong thời gian cho phép. Bài viết sau sẽ cung cấp 5 Cause and effect essay sample cho 5 đề thi khác nhau, được tổng hợp từ đề đã công bố năm 2023 và 2024.

Key takeaways

  • deter (verb) /dɪˈtɜr/: ngăn chặn, làm nản chí

  • rigorous (adjective) /ˈrɪɡərəs/: nghiêm túc, chặt chẽ

  • appealing (adjective) /əˈpilɪŋ/: hấp dẫn, quyến rũ

  • clear-cut (adjective) /ˌklɪərˈkʌt/: rõ ràng, rành mạch

  • pathway (noun) /ˈpæθweɪ/: lối đi, đường đi

  • hinder (verb) /ˈhɪndər/: làm trở ngại, cản trở

  • aspiring (adjective) /əˈspaɪrɪŋ/: có tham vọng, có ý chí cao

  • paradox (noun) /ˈpærəˌdɒks/: nghịch lý

  • driving force (noun) /ˈdraɪvɪŋ fɔrs/: động lực

  • Globalization (noun) /ˌɡloʊbl̩.əˈzeɪ.ʃən/: toàn cầu hóa

  • necessitate (verb) /nəˈsɛsɪˌteɪt/: làm cần thiết, buộc phải

  • allure (noun) /əˈlʊər/: sức hút

  • familial (adjective) /fəˈmɪliəl/: thuộc về gia đình

  • diminished (adjective) /dɪˈmɪnɪʃt/: giảm bớt, suy giảm

  • interplay (noun) /ˈɪntərpleɪ/: tương tác, tác động lẫn nhau

  • rigor (noun) /ˈrɪɡər/: sự nghiêm túc, sự chặt chẽ

  • undoubtedly (adverb) /ʌnˈdaʊtɪdli/: chắc chắn, không nghi ngờ

  • obsessed (adjective) /əbˈsɛst/: ám ảnh, bị ám ảnh

  • standardized (adjective) /ˈstændərdaɪzd/: chuẩn hóa, làm chuẩn

  • constraints (noun) /kənˈstreɪnts/: ràng buộc, hạn chế

  • far-reaching (adjective) /ˌfɑːrˈriːtʃɪŋ/: có ảnh hưởng sâu rộng, to lớn

  • obesity (noun) /oʊˈbɪsəti/: béo phì

  • endorphins (noun) /ɛnˈdɔrfɪnz/: endorphins: các hoocmon hạnh phúc

Cause and Effect Essay Sample – #01

Many students around the world don’t choose science subjects at university. Give the reasons for this and describe the impact on the community?

A concerning trend in universities worldwide is the declining number of students pursuing science degrees. This essay will explore the reasons behind this phenomenon and examine the potential impact it can have on the development and well-being of our communities.

There are several factors that contribute to the decreased interest in science. Firstly, the perception of science subjects as being difficult and demanding can deter students. Complex terminology, rigorous coursework, and the pressure to excel in practical laboratories can make science appear less appealing compared to other disciplines. Secondly, career prospects in science might not be as clear-cut as those in other fields like business or finance. The pathway from a science degree to a specific job can be less well-defined, discouraging students seeking immediate employment opportunities. 

The decline in science graduates can have a significant impact on communities. A shortage of skilled scientists and researchers can hinder technological advancements, crucial for solving global challenges like climate change or developing new medical treatments.  Furthermore, a lack of qualified science teachers can create a ripple effect, impacting the quality of science education at the primary and secondary levels. This, in turn, could perpetuate the declining interest in science, creating a vicious cycle. Additionally, communities rely on scientific expertise for environmental protection, public health initiatives, and infrastructure development. A dearth of scientists can lead to a decline in these critical areas, impacting the overall well-being of society.

In conclusion, several factors contribute to the declining number of students choosing science at university. The perceived difficulty, uncertain career paths, and short-term financial considerations often deter aspiring scientists. However, the implications for communities are substantial, potentially hindering technological progress, educational quality, and societal well-being. It is crucial to address these concerns by promoting the excitement and rewards of scientific discovery, providing clear career pathways, and emphasizing the vital role science plays in creating a better future for all.

  • deter (verb) /dɪˈtɜr/: ngăn chặn, làm nản chí

  • rigorous (adjective) /ˈrɪɡərəs/: nghiêm túc, chặt chẽ

  • appealing (adjective) /əˈpilɪŋ/: hấp dẫn, quyến rũ

  • clear-cut (adjective) /ˌklɪərˈkʌt/: rõ ràng, rành mạch

  • pathway (noun) /ˈpæθweɪ/: lối đi, đường đi

  • hinder (verb) /ˈhɪndər/: làm trở ngại, cản trở

  • aspiring (adjective) /əˈspaɪrɪŋ/: có tham vọng, có ý chí cao

Xem thêm: IELTS Writing topic Education - Từ vựng kèm gợi ý bài mẫu.

Cause and Effect Essay Sample – #02

People in many countries spend more and more time far away from their families. Why does this happen and what effects will it have on them and their families?

The modern world presents a paradox; while technology allows for greater connection, people in many countries are spending more time physically separated from their families. This essay will delve into the reasons behind this trend and explore the potential consequences it has on both individuals and families.

There are several driving forces behind the increasing physical separation from families. Firstly, the demands of a globalized economy compel individuals to seek employment opportunities far from their hometowns. Globalization can lead to job relocation, extended business trips, or even working for companies located in different countries. Secondly, educational aspirations often necessitate geographical separation. Students may pursue higher education at universities located in distant cities or even countries, leading to years spent apart from their families. Finally, the allure of travel and personal growth can motivate individuals to embark on extended journeys or work abroad, seeking new experiences that require physical distance from their loved ones.

The increasing physical separation from families can have a profound impact on both individuals and families. For individuals, feelings of isolation and loneliness can arise, leading to decreased mental well-being and a lack of familial support during challenging times. Additionally, the absence of a strong family network can hinder personal growth and development, as the sense of belonging and shared experiences nurtured within families can be diminished. For families, the physical separation can strain communication, making it difficult to maintain strong emotional bonds. This can lead to misunderstandings, decreased family cohesion, and a sense of emotional disconnect, particularly for children. Furthermore, the lack of regular interaction can hinder the transmission of family values and traditions, potentially weakening the family structure across generations.

In conclusion, the trend of increased physical separation from families stems from a complex interplay of economic, educational, and personal aspirations. While technological advancements allow for continued contact, the absence of physical presence can have detrimental effects on both the individual's well-being and the strength of family units.  Finding a balance between pursuing professional and personal goals and maintaining strong family ties is crucial in navigating this modern reality.

  • paradox (noun) /ˈpærəˌdɒks/: nghịch lý

  • driving force (noun) /ˈdraɪvɪŋ fɔrs/: động lực

  • Globalization (noun) /ˌɡloʊbl̩.əˈzeɪ.ʃən/: toàn cầu hóa

  • necessitate (verb) /nəˈsɛsɪˌteɪt/: làm cần thiết, buộc phải

  • allure (noun) /əˈlʊər/: sức hút

  • familial (adjective) /fəˈmɪliəl/: thuộc về gia đình

  • diminished (adjective) /dɪˈmɪnɪʃt/: giảm bớt, suy giảm

  • interplay (noun) /ˈɪntərpleɪ/: tương tác, tác động lẫn nhau

Đọc thêm: Ideas for IELTS Writing Topic Family: Ý tưởng và bài mẫu.

Cause and Effect Essay Sample – #03

In many countries, sports and exercise classes are replaced with academic subjects. What do you think are the possible reasons? What are the effects on children in their lives?

A concerning trend in education across many countries involves the replacement of sports and exercise classes with additional academic subjects. While academic rigor is undoubtedly essential, this shift in focus raises concerns about its potential consequences for children's development. This essay will explore the reasons behind this trend and examine the detrimental effects it can have on children's lives.

Several factors could be driving the decline of physical education programs in schools. Firstly, the intensifying pressure for academic achievement plays a significant role. Schools and parents alike, in a world obsessed with standardized tests and college admissions, feel compelled to prioritize core subjects like math, science, and language arts. This pressure often leads to the sacrifice of non-academic activities like physical education, perceived as less crucial for academic success. Secondly, the ever-expanding academic curriculum creates time constraints. Schools constantly strive to equip students with essential knowledge in various domains, forcing them to prioritize core subjects and potentially cut back on physical activity programs. 

The consequences of replacing exercise classes with academics can be significant and far-reaching. Reduced physical activity during childhood has a direct impact on physical health, increasing the risk of childhood obesity, heart disease, and other health problems.  Furthermore, exercise plays a vital role in mental and emotional well-being. Sports classes provide a much-needed outlet for stress release and improve mood through the release of endorphins. Without these opportunities, children might experience higher levels of anxiety and depression.

In conclusion, while academic achievement holds importance, it should not come at the expense of children's overall well-being. Replacing exercise classes with academic subjects creates a narrow approach to education. Schools and policymakers need to recognize the detrimental effects of this trend and seek alternative solutions such as integrating physical activity into academic subjects, encouraging extracurricular sports programs, and prioritizing teacher training and resource allocation. This ensures that children receive a balanced education that nurtures both their minds and bodies.

  • rigor (noun) /ˈrɪɡər/: sự nghiêm túc, sự chặt chẽ

  • undoubtedly (adverb) /ʌnˈdaʊtɪdli/: chắc chắn, không nghi ngờ

  • obsessed (adjective) /əbˈsɛst/: ám ảnh, bị ám ảnh

  • standardized (adjective) /ˈstændərdaɪzd/: chuẩn hóa, làm chuẩn

  • constraints (noun) /kənˈstreɪnts/: ràng buộc, hạn chế

  • far-reaching (adjective) /ˌfɑːrˈriːtʃɪŋ/: có ảnh hưởng sâu rộng, to lớn

  • obesity (noun) /oʊˈbɪsəti/: béo phì

  • endorphins (noun) /ɛnˈdɔrfɪnz/: endorphins: các hoocmon hạnh phúc

Cause and Effect Essay Sample – #04

In many societies, traditional gender roles are changing rapidly. Discuss the causes and effects of this shift. 

The world is witnessing a remarkable transformation that is the erosion of traditional gender roles. Long-held societal expectations regarding masculinity and femininity are being challenged and redefined. This essay will explore the driving forces behind this shift and examine the multifaceted effects it has on individuals and society at large.

Several factors contribute to this phenomenon. Firstly, social and economic advancements have empowered women. Increased access to education and employment opportunities has fostered financial independence and a sense of agency. This economic empowerment has challenged the notion of women as solely homemakers, paving the way for them to pursue traditionally male-dominated careers. Secondly, evolving social movements, particularly feminism, have played a crucial role. These movements promote critical discussions about gender equality, highlighting the limitations imposed by rigid gender roles and advocating for equal opportunities in all aspects of life. 

The effects of this shift are complex and multifaceted. On an individual level, both men and women experience increased freedom to define their identities and life paths. Women can choose to prioritize careers, family, or both, without facing societal pressure to conform.  Men are no longer confined to the role of breadwinner and can explore nurturing roles within families. These changes, however, can also lead to challenges. Traditional gender roles often provided a sense of structure and clarity. The blurring of these lines can lead to confusion and anxieties for some individuals as they navigate new expectations.

In conclusion, the rapid transformation of traditional gender roles is a complex phenomenon with significant consequences for both individuals and societies. While social and economic advancements, social movements, and technology all contribute to this shift, it presents both opportunities and challenges. As societies navigate this evolving landscape, it is crucial to foster open communication, promote inclusivity, and celebrate the diverse ways individuals choose to live their lives.

  • remarkable (adjective) /rɪˈmɑːrkəbl/: đáng chú ý, nổi bật

  • masculinity (noun) /ˌmæskjəˈlɪnəti/: phẩm chất nam tính

  • femininity (noun) /ˌfɛməˈnɪnəti/: phẩm chất nữ tính

  • multifaceted (adjective) /ˌmʌltiˈfæsɪtɪd/: đa chiều, đa diện

  • empowered (adjective) /ɪmˈpaʊərd/: có quyền lực, có quyền tự do hơn

  • sense of agency (phrase) /sɛns ʌv ˈeɪdʒənsi/: ý thức về quyền lực

  • homemakers (noun) /ˈhoʊmˌmeɪkərz/: người làm nội trợ

  • male-dominated (adjective) /meɪl ˈdɒmɪˌneɪtɪd/: quyền lực thuộc về nam giới

  • inclusivity (noun) /ɪnˌkluːˈsɪvəti/: tính đa dạng

Đọc thêm: Ideas for IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic Gender (Giới tính).

Cause and Effect Essay Sample – #05

These days, a large number of adults work full-time employment and dedicate a significant amount of their life to their careers. Some of them disregard other aspects of life because they are under a lot of stress. What do causes and effects mean?

In today's fast-paced world, many adults find themselves consumed by their full-time careers, often neglecting other important aspects of life due to the overwhelming stress they experience. This essay will explore the causes of this phenomenon and delve into its effects on individuals and their overall well-being.

There are several factors that contribute to the tendency of adults to prioritize their careers over other areas of life. Firstly, the current competitive job market places immense pressure on individuals to constantly prove their worth and strive for success. This fear of falling behind or losing their jobs drives many to dedicate excessive time and energy to their careers, often at the expense of their personal lives. Additionally, societal expectations and the desire for financial stability further compel individuals to prioritize their professional endeavors, leaving little time for leisure, relationships, and self-care.

The consequences of this career-focused mindset are far-reaching and can have a detrimental impact on individuals' overall well-being. Firstly, the constant stress and burnout resulting from excessive workloads can lead to various physical and mental health issues. Long working hours, combined with the neglect of self-care activities such as exercise and relaxation, can contribute to increased stress levels, fatigue, and even chronic illnesses. Moreover, the lack of work-life balance often strains personal relationships, causing individuals to feel isolated and disconnected from their loved ones. This, in turn, can lead to feelings of loneliness and unhappiness, further exacerbating the negative effects on their mental health.
In conclusion, the prevalent phenomenon of adults prioritizing their careers over other aspects of life stems from a combination of societal pressures, competitive job markets, and the desire for financial stability. However, this singular focus on professional success comes at a cost, as it leads to increased stress levels, poor physical and mental health, and strained relationships. It is crucial for individuals to strike a balance between their careers and personal lives to ensure their overall well-being and happiness. By recognizing the importance of work-life balance and making conscious efforts to prioritize other aspects of life, individuals can lead more fulfilling lives and achieve true success in all areas.

  • overwhelming (adjective) /ˌoʊvərˈwɛlmɪŋ/: áp đảo, làm choáng ngợp

  • phenomenon (noun) /fəˈnɒmɪnən/: hiện tượng, sự kiện nổi bật

  • endeavors (noun) /ɪnˈdɛvərz/: nỗ lực, cố gắng

  • constant (adjective) /ˈkɒnstənt/: liên tục

  • excessive (adjective) /ɪkˈsɛsɪv/: quá mức, thừa

  • chronic (adjective) /ˈkrɒnɪk/: mãn tính, kéo dài

  • prevalent (adjective) /ˈprɛvələnt/: phổ biến, thịnh hành

  • fulfilling (adjective) /fʊlˈfɪlɪŋ/: đầy đủ, làm hài lòng

Trên đây là bài viết tổng hợp Cause and Effect Essay Sample trong IELTS Writing Task 2. Tác giả hy vọng thí sinh chuẩn bị thi IELTS đã có thêm ý tưởng cho bài viết của mình. Ngoài ra, nếu thí sinh muốn tham khảo thêm các chủ đề khác cũng như các dạng đề bài khác, hãy xem qua tựa sách Understanding Ideas for IELTS Writing - Ý tưởng cho bài luận Writing Task 2. 

Understanding Ideas for IELTS Writing được biên soạn nhằm giúp người học IELTS khắc phục vấn đề thiếu ý tưởng cho các bài luận Task 2. Bằng cách thể hiện nội dung dưới hình thức sơ đồ tư duy (mind maps) và các đoạn văn bản ngắn, người đọc có thể tham khảo ý tưởng hoặc dễ dàng nắm bắt cách xây dựng, mở rộng, và bổ sung ý tưởng cho các đề bài viết.

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Trích dẫn

"How to Write IELTS Cause and Effect Essay?" IELTS-up - Your Best IELTS Guide, ielts-up.com/writing/cause-effect-essay.html. Cause and effect essay sample Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.Cause and effect essay sample

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