Giải đề IELTS Writing Task 1 và Task 2 ngày 12/01/2023
- Published on
Giải đề thi IELTS Writing Task 1 ngày 12/01/2023
Đề bài: The graph below shows the hours of teaching per year done by each teacher in four different categories. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features of the graph and make comparisons where relevant.
Giới thiệu nội dung chính của biểu đồ
Đoạn tổng quát
Thân bài 1
Mô tả số liệu của USA và Ireland
Thân bài 2
Mô tả số liệu của Japan và Spain
Bài mẫu tham khảo
The graph compares the amount of teaching done by primary, lower secondary, and upper secondary school teachers in four different countries in 2001.
Overall, teachers in the USA taught significantly more than teachers in the remaining three countries. Furthermore, upper secondary school teachers generally worked more hours than other teachers.
In 2001, upper secondary school teachers in the USA taught around 1100 hours per year. This was closely followed by lower secondary school teachers, who did only slightly fewer than 1100 hours, compared to U.S primary school teachers, who taught less than 900 hours per year. In Ireland, both upper and lower secondary school teachers taught approximately 800 hours per year, while their primary school counterparts did around 600.
Meanwhile, both primary and lower secondary school teachers in Japan and Spain taught for approximately 600 hours per year in 2001. Similarly, upper secondary school teachers in Japan also only taught for around 600 hours, while their Spanish counterparts spent around 1000 hours teaching per year.
Band điểm ước lượng
Cấu trúc dùng để miêu tả số liệu:
significantly more than: nhiều hơn đáng kể
generally worked more hours than: nhìn chung làm nhiều giờ hơn
This was closely followed by…: con số này được theo sát bởi …
who did only slightly fewer than…: người mà chỉ làm ít hơn một chút …
compared to: so với
who taught less than: người dạy ít hơn
approximately: xấp xỉ
their primary school counterparts: các giáo viên tiểu học (từ counterpart chỉ người hoặc vật tương ứng, tương nhiệm, trong trường hợp này dùng thay cho từ teacher)
their Spanish counterparts: các giáo viên Tây Ban Nha
Similarly: tương tự
Giải đề thi IELTS Writing Task 2 ngày 12/01/2023
Đề bài: Some people believe that certain old buildings should be preserved more than others. What types of old buildings should be preserved? Do you think the advantages of preserving old buildings outweigh the disadvantages?
Các đề bài liên quan
Some people think that old buildings should be knocked down and give way to the new buildings. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Restoration of old buildings in main cities involves enormous government expenditure. It would be more beneficial to spend this money to build new houses and roads. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Phân tích đề
Phạm vi chủ đề: Bảo tồn các tòa nhà lâu đời.
Nhiệm vụ: Nêu ra các loại tòa nhà lâu đời cần được bảo tồn. Đưa ra ý kiến cá nhân xem lợi ích của việc bảo tồn này có vượt trội hơn so với bất lợi hay không.
Định nghĩa các khái niệm có trong đề: old buildings - các tòa nhà lâu đời (bao gồm cả các tòa nhà cổ có nhiều giá trị về mặt kiến trúc hay lịch sử và cả các tòa nhà cũ).
Ý tưởng khác có thể sử dụng
Lợi ích của việc bảo tồn
Bất lợi của việc bảo tồn
Bài mẫu tham khảo
It is believed by some people that efforts should be made to protect and preserve certain old buildings more so than others. Personally, I think there are definitely specific types of buildings that should be preserved, and that the advantages certainly outweigh the disadvantages.
Firstly, the types of old buildings that should be preserved include structures that hold a significant amount of historical and cultural value within a city or country. For example, important old government buildings, religious buildings such as old churches and temples, and even certain old monuments and structures. Furthermore, even buildings that simply help to define a certain era or aspect of culture through their style of architecture should be preserved in order to capture an aspect of history that can still be witnessed by people today. In doing so, not only are we able to better maintain a connection to our history and culture, but also add a significant amount of aesthetic quality to a city, which in turn, attracts tourism and attention from around the world.
However, there are some disadvantages when it comes to preserving old buildings. For example, many older buildings require significant amounts of money to restore them to a structurally suitable condition. Additionally, most old buildings that tend to be preserved are no longer used for practical purposes other than preserving culture and adding value to the tourism industry of a country. Moreover, as towns and cities grow and space becomes limited, the preservation of old buildings can impede the progress of a city. However, I do believe that the importance of preserving culture in this manner is far more important than making way for new buildings and structures, and through tourism, a country can generate enough revenue to pay for the maintenance and restoration of such old buildings.
In conclusion, I believe that the importance of preserving culture and history through the preservation of certain old buildings is far more important than the progress they inhibit.
Band điểm ước lượng
Phân tích từ vựng
Từ vựng theo chủ đề (old buildings)
Nghĩa: kỷ nguyên
The 1960’s were an era defined by rock and roll music.
Smartphones have become ubiquitous in the modern era.
Nghĩa: sự phục hồi, khôi phục, trả lại trạng thái ban đầu
The castle underwent a complete restoration before it became a popular tourist attraction.
The restoration of the building cost the government millions of dollars. Many residents complained that the money could have been spent on more important things.
Các collocations cơ bản
Hoặc: good condition, average condition, adequate condition
Nghĩa: điều kiện phù hợp/ tốt
Although the car was in suitable condition, she complained that she didn’t like the colour.
I’m not sure if this phone is in suitable condition. I need something that is going to be reliable.
It’s important to study the history and culture of a country before travelling there so that you don’t offend anyone.
I want to learn more about the history and culture of the local minority tribes.
Nghĩa: giá trị về mặt thẩm mỹ/ tính thẩm mỹ
The city has a lot of aesthetic quality thanks to its rich history of architecture.
I think the building has a very low aesthetic quality. It just looks ugly compared to the surrounding buildings.
Nghĩa: nền công nghiệp du lịch
The earthquake had a devastating impact on the tourism industry of the country. It took years to rebuild it.
The tourism industry plays a significant role in Nepal’s economy. Many people rely on it to make a living.
Hoặc: tremendous amounts of, large amounts of, huge amounts of
Nghĩa: một lượng đáng kể của điều gì ( thời gian, tiền bạc, công sức ..)
Significant amounts of money were needed to rebuild the city after the earthquake.
Each year, the government spends tremendous amounts of money on fighting crime.
Nghĩa: không gian bị hạn chế
The limited amount of space in the city is restricting growth.
I don’t think this couch will fit in our apartment. The space is really limited.
Cụm từ liên kết
Hoặc: as a consequence/result, by doing so, subsequently, because of this
Nghĩa: Bởi vậy, nếu như vậy, kết quả là
The residents signed a petition to have the construction of the dam stopped. In doing so, they successfully saved the species of fish from extinction.
Nghĩa: được sử dụng để mô tả nguyên nhân và kết quả của một cái gì đó
Eating chocolate releases mood boosting chemicals in your brain, which in turn makes you feel good.
The cat scratched the dog, which in turn began howling in pain.
Hoặc: in this style, in this way, in this method
Nghĩa: Theo kiểu này, bằng cách này
We will continue to market the product to young people. In this manner, we will maximise our profits.
He spoke very rudely to the waiter, and continued speaking in this manner all evening.
Động từ, cụm động từ
Nghĩa: có nhiều giá trị hoặc ý nghĩa
The watch holds a significant amount of sentimental value to him. It was passed down by his great grandfather.
Nghĩa: tiếp tục có một mối quan hệ, sự kết nối với một cái gì đó / ai đó
Thanks to the internet, he was able to maintain a connection with his loved ones while living abroad.
Nghĩa: làm cho một cái gì đó có ý nghĩa hơn, có giá trị, hoặc có tầm quan trọng cao hơn
This car was owned by a famous celebrity, which adds a lot of value to it.
Nghĩa: dừng lại, trì hoãn, hoặc làm chậm tiến độ của một cái gì đó
The boy must be removed from the class, as he continues to impede the progress of other students.
Nghĩa: ngăn chặn, hoặc hạn chế một ai đó hoặc một cái gì đó xảy ra
The scandal with the company’s CEO has really inhibited sales this year.
The medication will inhibit the spread of the disease, but we still don’t have a cure yet.
Hoặc: to increase, create, or boost sales, profits, or income.
Nghĩa: tạo ra doanh thu/tiền/thu nhập
The company hired an entire new marketing team in order to generate more revenue.
Generating revenue during the early stages of a new business is often the biggest hurdle to overcome.
Nghĩa: sửa chữa hoặc đưa một cái gì đó trở lại trạng thái ban đầu
The contractors were able to restore the building to its former glory.
Xem thêm các đề thi IELTS Writing và bài mẫu khác tại: Tổng hợp đề thi IELTS Writing 2023 kèm bài mẫu | Cập nhật liên tục