Coherence and Cohesion
Grammatical Range and Accuracy
uses a wide range of vocabulary with very natural and sophisticated control of lexical features; rare minor errors occur only as ‘slips’
uses a wide range of structures with full flexibility and accuracy; rare minor errors occur only as ‘slips’
covers all requirements of the task sufficiently.
presents, highlights and illustrates key features/bullet points clearly and appropriately.
sequences information and ideas logically.
manages all aspects of cohesion well.
uses paragraphing sufficiently and appropriately.
uses a wide range of vocabulary fluently and flexibly to convey precise meanings.
skilfully uses uncommon lexical items but there may be occasional inaccuracies in word choice and collocation.
produces rare errors in spelling and/or word formation.
uses a wide range of structures.
the majority of sentences are error-free.
makes only very occasional errors or inappropriacies.
covers the requirements of the task.
(Academic) presents a clear overview of main trends, differences or stages.
(General Training) presents a clear purpose, with the tone consistent and appropriate.
clearly presents and highlights key features/bullet points but could be more fully extended.
uses a sufficient range of vocabulary to allow some flexibility and precision.
uses less common lexical items with some awareness of style and collocation.
may produce occasional errors in word choice, spelling and/or word formation.
uses a variety of complex structures.
produces frequent error-free sentences.
has good control of grammar and punctuation but may make a few errors.
addresses the requirements of the task
(Academic) presents an overview with information appropriately selected.
General Training) presents a purpose that is generally clear; there may be inconsistencies in tone.
presents and adequately highlights key features/bullet points but details may be irrelevant, inap.
arranges information and ideas coherently and there is a clear overall progression.
uses cohesive devices effectively, but cohesion within and/or between sentences may be faulty or mechanical.
may not always use referencing clearly or appropriately.
uses an adequate range of vocabulary for the task.
attempts to use less common vocabulary but with some inaccuracy.
makes some errors in spelling and/or word formation, but they do not impede communication.
generally addresses the task; the format may be inappropriate in places.
(Academic) recounts detail mechanically with no clear overview; there may be no data to support the description.
(General Training) may present a purpose for the letter that is unclear at times; the tone may be variable and sometimes inappropriate.
presents, but inadequately covers, key features/bullet points; there may be a tendency to focus on detail.
presents information with some organisation but there may be a lack of overall progression.
makes inadequate, inaccurate or overuse of cohesive devices
may be repetitive because of lack of referencing and substitution.
uses a limited range of vocabulary, but this is minimally adequate for the task.
may make noticeable errors in spelling and/or word formation that may cause some difficulty for the reader.
uses only a limited range of structures
attempts complex sentences but these tend to be less accurate than simple sentences.
may make frequent grammatical errors and punctuation may be faulty; errors can cause some difficulty for the reader.
attempts to address the task but does not cover all key features/bullet points; the format may be inappropriate.
(General Training) fails to clearly explain the purpose of the letter; the tone may be inappropriate.
may confuse key features/bullet points with detail; parts may be unclear, irrelevant, repetitive or inaccurate.
uses only basic vocabulary which may be used repetitively or which may be inappropriate for the task.
has limited control of word formation and/or spelling;
errors may cause strain for the reader.
uses only a very limited range of structures with only rare use of subordinate clauses.
some structures are accurate but errors predominate, and punctuation is often faulty.
fails to address the task, which may have been completely misunderstood.
presents limited ideas which may be largely irrelevant/repetitive.
does not organise ideas logically.
may use a very limited range of cohesive devices, and those used may not indicate a logical relationship between ideas.
attempts sentence forms but errors in grammar and punctuation predominate and distort the meaning.
answer is barely related to the task.
has very little control of organisational features.
uses an extremely limited range of vocabulary; essentially no control of word formation and/or spelling.
cannot use sentence forms except in memorised phrases.
answer is completely unrelated to the task.
fails to communicate any message.
can only use a few isolated words.
cannot use sentence forms at all.