Bài viết này nhằm giúp cho các học viên đang chuẩn bị cho kỳ thi IELTS trong việc làm quen với dạng bài Multiple Charts/Graphs trong IELTS Writing Task 1. Bài viết sẽ tổng hợp một số bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Multiple Charts/Graphs để người đọc thể tham khảo và rèn luyện kỹ năng viết bài.
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Multiple Charts/Graphs #01
Đề: The bar chart below shows the percentage of households that owned rented accommodation in England and Wales between 1918 and 2011.
The given bar chart illustrates the proportion of households residing in rented accommodation in England and Wales over the period from 1918 to 2011. Overall, there was an upward trend in the number of households living in rented accommodation during this time frame, with the percentage of households living in rented accommodation in England and Wales increasing significantly.
Initially, in 1918, merely 10% of households in England and Wales lived in rented accommodation. However, this figure rose steadily, surpassing 20% in 1939, before a sharp drop during the Second World War, touching its lowest point of approximately 14% in 1951.
After remaining stable throughout the 1950s, the number of households living in rented accommodation surged again during the 1960s. By 1971, nearly one-third of households in England and Wales resided in rented accommodation. This trend continued throughout the 1980s and 1990s, with the percentage of rented accommodation peaking at just over 37% in 1991.
Finally, there was a slight decline in rented accommodation in the early 21st century, with the percentage of households living in rented housing falling to approximately 36% by 2011.
In conclusion, the trend of rented accommodation in England and Wales witnessed a significant increase in the early 20th century, reaching its highest point in 1991, and then experiencing a slight decline in the early 21st century.
Notable (adj): đáng chú ý
Left for (v): còn lại cho
Notably (adv): đáng chú ý
Conversely (adv): ngược lại
Engage in unpaid work/hobbies (phr): tham gia vào công việc không được trả lương/sở thích cá nhân
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Multiple Charts/Graphs #02
Đề: The line graph below shows the number of monthly payments for car insurance in a year.
The given line graph displays the variation in monthly payments made by drivers for car insurance over a year. Overall, the graph illustrates a gradual rise in the number of monthly payments from January to July, followed by a gradual decrease in payments made from August through December.
Looking closely at the chart, it is apparent that January had the lowest number of payments throughout the year, with a total of 800. However, this figure increased to 1,000 in February and continued to rise each month until reaching a peak of 2,400 payments in July. This indicates a notable 150% increase in the number of payments made between January and July.
Subsequently, the number of payments made started to decline, reaching its lowest point in December with 1,200 payments. It is worth noting that this was still a 50% increase from the number of payments made in January. Notably, the graph depicts a steady pattern of payments without any significant spikes or declines throughout the year.
To conclude, the line graph highlights the fluctuations in monthly payments made by drivers for car insurance over a year. Although there is an evident increase from January to July, the graph indicates a gradual decline in payments for the rest of the year.
Gradual (adj): dần dần, từ từ
Peaked (v): đạt đến mức cao nhất
Decline (v): giảm, đi xuống
Spike (n): đột phá, tăng đột ngột
Relatively (adv): một cách tương đối
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Multiple Charts/Graphs #03
Đề: The flow chart below shows the process of recycling plastic bottles. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The given flow chart illustrates the various stages involved in recycling plastic bottles to create new products. In total, there are six main stages in the recycling process: collecting, sorting, shredding, melting, reforming, and finally, creating new products.
To begin with, used plastic bottles are collected and transported to a recycling center, where they are sorted based on their type and color. The sorting stage is crucial to ensure that only the appropriate types of plastic are used for recycling purposes.
Following this, the plastic bottles are shredded into small pieces, which are then melted down in a furnace. The melted plastic is then molded into small pellets, which can be utilized in the production of various new products such as furniture, clothing, and packaging materials.
Comparing the different stages of the process, it is evident that the sorting stage is the most significant as it guarantees the appropriate materials are used for recycling. Furthermore, the shredding and melting stages are equally important as they break down the plastic bottles into a usable form.
In conclusion, the flow chart effectively depicts the sequential process of recycling plastic bottles. By collecting, sorting, shredding, melting, reforming, and manufacturing the plastic bottles, they are transformed into new products, promoting sustainability and minimizing waste.
Shredding (n): sự xé nhỏ, cắt nhỏ
Furnace (n): lò nung, lò đốt
Pellets (n): viên nhựa, hạt nhựa
Manufacture (v): sản xuất
Sustainable (adj): bền vững, có thể duy trì
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Multiple Charts/Graphs #04
Đề: The pie charts below show the types of transportation used by people in Sydney in 2017 and the types of transportation used by people living outside of Sydney in 2017.
The given two pie charts compare the transportation preferences of people residing in Sydney and those living outside of Sydney in 2017. Overall, cars and other vehicles were the most commonly used mode of transportation for both groups, but there were differences in the usage of alternative modes of transportation.
In Sydney, cars and other vehicles were the primary mode of transportation, representing 68% of all modes of transportation, while walking accounted for only 3% of residents. Meanwhile, outside of Sydney, cars and other vehicles still remained the most common mode of transportation, but to a lesser extent, comprising 56%. Public transportation and bicycles were more commonly used alternatives, making up 23% and 8% of all types of transportation, respectively.
Upon comparing the two pie charts, it becomes evident that people living outside of Sydney relied more on public transportation and bicycles than those residing in the city, who were more reliant on cars and other vehicles.
In conclusion, although cars and other vehicles were the preferred mode of transportation for both groups in 2017, significant differences were observed in the usage of alternative modes of transportation. This highlights the need for increased investment in alternative modes of transportation for residents of Sydney to reduce the environmental impact associated with reliance on cars.
Modes (n): các phương tiện, cách thức
Primary (adj): chính, quan trọng nhất
Alternatives (n): những sự thay thế, phương án thay thế
Rely (v): tin tưởng, phụ thuộc
Investment (n): đầu tư
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Multiple Charts/Graphs #05
Đề: The line graph below shows the proportion of households in a European country that had different types of technology in the years 1993, 1998 and 2003.
The given line graph presents the percentage of households in a European country that had access to different types of technology in 1993, 1998, and 2003. The graph depicts a significant increase in the proportion of households with technology over the ten-year period, with a remarkable rise in personal computer and internet usage.
In 1993, the most commonly used technology in households was the telephone, with 80% of households owning a landline phone. Television and VCRs were also widely used, found in 68% and 61% of households, respectively. However, personal computers and the internet were only owned by 10% and 3% of households, respectively.
By 1998, the percentage of households with personal computers had significantly increased to 27%, while internet access had grown at a slower rate, with 7% of households owning an internet connection. The popularity of television and VCRs remained stable, while the number of households with landline phones decreased slightly to 76%.
Finally, in 2003, the percentage of households with internet access had nearly quadrupled to 44%, and personal computer ownership continued to rise, with more than 50% of households owning a PC. The proportion of households with landline phones continued to decrease, and mobile phone usage became more prevalent, with 63% of households now owning a mobile phone.
In conclusion, the line graph highlights the considerable increase in access to technology in a European country over a ten-year period. The rise in personal computer and internet usage and a decrease in landline phone usage indicate a shift towards more advanced technologies.
Proportion (n): tỷ lệ
Marked (adj): đáng chú ý, rõ ràng
Widespread (adj): phổ biến, rộng rãi
Access (n): quyền truy cập, tiếp cận
Steady (adj): ổn định, đều đặn
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Multiple Charts/Graphs #06
Đề: The bar charts below show the percentage of young people aged 11-15 in three countries who smoked cigarettes in 1976 and 2006.
The given bar charts compare the percentage of young people aged 11-15 who smoked cigarettes in three different countries in 1976 and 2006. The data highlights a substantial decline in the number of young smokers in all three countries over the thirty-year period. Australia had the lowest percentage of young smokers in both years, while Spain had the highest percentage in 1976 but showed the most significant decline by 2006.
In 1976, Spain had the highest percentage of young smokers, with over 40% of young people aged 11–15 smoking cigarettes. The United States had the next highest percentage, with slightly over 35%, and Australia had the lowest percentage, with 20%.
Moving to 2006, the percentage of young smokers had significantly decreased in all three countries. Spain demonstrated the most notable decrease, with the percentage of young smokers dropping from over 40% to just over 18%. The United States also experienced a significant decrease, with just over 20% of young people smoking in 2006. Australia had the lowest percentage of young smokers in both years, with a decrease from 20% to 7%.
In conclusion, the bar charts illustrate a considerable reduction in smoking rates among young people aged 11-15 in all three countries over the thirty-year period. Although Spain had the highest percentage of young smokers in 1976, it also demonstrated the most substantial decline by 2006. The data indicates progress in curbing cigarette smoking among young people in all three countries.
Significant (adj): đáng kể, quan trọng
Percentage (n): tỷ lệ phần trăm
Notable (adj): đáng chú ý, đáng nhớ
Varying (adj): khác nhau, đa dạng
Promising (adj): hứa hẹn, triển vọng, đầy hy vọng
Vừa rồi là một số bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Multiple Charts/Graphs mà tác giả đã tổng hợp và giới thiệu tới người đọc. Hy vọng thông qua những bài mẫu này, người đọc sẽ làm quen với các dạng câu hỏi khác nhau từ đơn giản đến phức tạp hơn và củng cố kỹ năng viết bài của mình để đạt được điểm tối đa trong kỳ thi IELTS.