Bài viết sau đây sẽ gợi ý bài mẫu cho chủ đề “Describe a time when you saw a lot of plastic waste (egin a park, on a beach, etc)” cùng những câu hỏi thường gặp và hướng dẫn phương pháp trả lời lưu loát và gây ấn tượng với giảm khảo cho topic này. Hơn nữa, bài viết còn giới thiệu về những từ vựng cần thiết và cách diễn đạt giúp đạt điểm cao.
Bài mẫu chủ đề “Describe a time when you saw a lot of plastic waste (egin a park, on a beach, etc)”
The time that I saw a lot of garbage and plastic waste was when I was living in Hong Kong in 2016. this beach was on an island that I was living on. Next to the beach was actually a Coal Power Plant. When you enter the beach, it was usually quite clean but sometimes, from the ocean, the ocean would bring a lot of plastic waste all over the beach. You could see plastic straws, toothbrushes, cups, even one time I saw a big plastic refrigerator there. It is kind of unsettling to see when you are in the middle of such beautiful nature and you're on such a beautiful beach but then next to you, you feel this feeling of uncomfortableness because it destroys the beauty of the beach with all the plastic bags and everything that is around. When I see that filling, I feel that there is a stark contrast between where we had been and where we are going: from the original nature to how modern industrialization has transformed and made the beach look unpleasant and unnatural. I didn't know what to do when I saw the plastic. I mean I had a thought that maybe I should pick up a couple pieces and maybe bring a garbage bag and deal with the problem a little bit. but I didn't know if that would really make you such a big impact.
Context (Bối cảnh)
Đã đi qua nhiều nơi ô nhiễm
Vùng xung quanh bị ô nhiễm trầm trọng
Content (Nội dung)
Con sông gần nhà
Chứa đầy rác thải nhựa
Thường xuyên chặn đường ống dẫn nước
Rất khó khăn để tìm ra giải pháp
Conclusion (Kết thúc)
Được đặt tên Toilet River
Mùi hôi tỏa ra từ con sông
Unfortunately, I have come across places with excessive plastic pollution more times than I can count. My city and the countryside immediately surrounding it are heavily polluted from recent development and increased urban populations.
In particular, there is a small river near by my house which is constantly chalked full of thrown away plastic bags and bottles that line the edges of the river and consistently block the drains from dealing with flood waters. Over the years I have wracked my brain to figure out a solution to this problem, and I have read sources online about many other much more qualified scientists and engineers trying to do the same, so far also without luck.
The river I mentioned is named Toi Lich River, not-so-lovingly given the name Toilet River due to the smell emanating from it due to the pollution.
Từ vựng chủ đề “Describe a time when you saw a lot of plastic waste (egin a park, on a beach, etc)”
come across / ˈkʌm əˈkrɒs /: tình cờ đi ngang qua
He came across some of his old love letters on his wife's desk.
Drain (n) /dreɪn/: đường ống dẫn nước
She accidentally dropped her ring down a drain in the road.
figure out / ˈfɪɡə ˈaʊt /: nghiên cứu, tìm ra
Can you figure out the answer to question 5?
Emanate (v) /ˈem.ə.neɪt/: tỏa ra
Her face emanated sadness.
IELTS Speaking Part 3 Sample
Do you think that we should use plastic products?
I think that plastics are so embedded in our current lifestyles that removing them too suddenly could cause real problems in how people do basic things to facilitate their lives. For example, where I live, the vast majority of people get water delivered to their homes in large plastic bottles, as the water piped in by the city is not safe to drink. These bottles in particular are difficult to imagine being changed to glass. Either way, it seems obvious that we need to begin converting away from the use of plastics with the end goal being the complete phasing out of their use.
embedded (a) /ɪmˈbed.ɪd/: ảnh hưởng lớn, chiếm phần quan trọng
A sense of guilt was deeply embedded in my conscience.
Phase out / feɪz ˈaʊt /: dần dần loại bỏ
The airlines are phasing out any aircraft that is more than 20 years old.
How can we reduce our use of plastic? What kinds of plastic waste are often seen in your country?
There are many ways that we can reduce plastic use on a personal level, and all that can be reasonably done, should be. Many businesses have been shifting to paper straws instead of plastic ones. I currently have a metal bottle that I carry with me so I no longer need plastic takeaway cups. While all of these small steps, it will make small differences, and those taking the steps should be recognized for doing so, however until large scale industry stops their dangerous practices, our small scale changes will be almost unnoticeable in comparison, that is my opinion from what I have seen, anyway.
Shift (v) /ʃɪft/: thay đổi
Media attention has shifted recently onto environmental issues.
no longer / ˈnəʊ ˈlɒŋɡə /: không còn nữa
This building is no longer used.
Why do people like to use plastic products?
I think that it mainly stems from convenience. While they are very harmful to our environment after they have served their purpose, they are extremely efficient at providing those initial services. This is why many people and most companies will not give up on their use. Until there is a way to make these groups feel that it is in their interest to stop using them, no change will be made.
stem from / stem frɒm /: phát triển từ
Her problems stem from her difficult childhood.
initial (a) /ɪˈnɪʃ.əl/: thuộc về ban đầu
My initial surprise was soonreplaced by delight.
Bài viết liên quan:
Mong rằng qua bài viết trên, người học đã hình dung được những câu hỏi trong phần thi Speaking Part 3 có thể gặp trong chủ đề này, cách lập dàn ý và cách trả lời phù hợp nhất cho từng câu hỏi liên quan đến đề bài Describe a time when you saw a lot of plastic waste (egin a park, on a beach, etc).