Describe a place you visited that has been affected by  pollution: Bài mẫu kèm từ vựng

Sample IELTS Speaking Part 2 Describe a place you visited that has been affected by pollution thuộc nhóm chủ đề describe a place (miêu tả địa điểm) kèm theo các từ vựng ghi điểm trong bài giúp bạn luyện thi IELTS hiệu quả.
ZIM Academy
11/01/2022
describe a place you visited that has been affected by pollution bai mau kem tu vung

Bài viết giới thiệu Sample IELTS Speaking Part 2 Describe a place you visited that has been affected by pollution thuộc nhóm chủ đề describe a place (miêu tả địa điểm) kèm theo các từ vựng ghi điểm trong bài. Đây là một trong nhóm chủ đề phổ biến trong bài thi IELTS Speaking Part 2.

Describe a place you visited that has been affected by pollution

You should say:

  • Where it is

  • When you visited this place

  • What kinds of pollution you saw there And explain how this place was affected

IELTS Speaking sample:  

Well, if I have to talk about a polluted place I’ve been to, it would be Ho Chi Minh City. It’s located in the Southern part of Vietnam.

I’ve been living here for around 2 years. When I first came here, I was so surprised how polluted the city is. It’s so different from my hometown which is a green and clean rural area. There are many kinds of pollution here: air pollution, water pollution and even noise pollution. There are so many vehicles on the streets and they make noises and emit fumes all the time. It was especially terrible travelling on the street during peak hours. Besides, it’s easy to see trash in rivers and lakes because some people just throw their waste into these community water sources without any awareness of the damage to the surrounding environment. It’s even worse that some factories also dump dirty water and other waste directly into rivers so many of them are black and smelly. I think the pollution affects people’s lives in a negative way.

Air pollution can cause serious respiratory diseases such as asthma or lung cancer. Water is polluted so people may face water scarcity in the future and the noise can drive people crazy because it’s really annoying and distracting. Many animals living in water are also affected, too. They are losing their habitats or food source since the water is contaminated. Some of them may become extinct if we do not take action now. I hope the government will have some kinds of campaigns or TV shows to raise people’s awareness of protecting the environment and plant more trees in the city to improve air quality.

Tham khảo:

Từ vựng trong IELTS Speaking sample:

  1. Noise pollution /ˈnɔɪz pəˌluː.ʃən/: Ô nhiễm tiếng ồn

Noise /ˈnɔɪz/ : tiếng ồn

Pollution /pəˌluː.ʃən/ : Ô nhiễm

Ví dụ: An airport can generate noise pollution at most 24 hours in a given day.

  1. Emit fumes: Xả khói

Emit /iˈmɪt/ : phát ra, xả

fumes  /fjuːmz/ : khói

Ví dụ: Trolleybuses – a quiet form of public transport that was cheap and did not emit fumes – were also culled.

  1. Peak hours /piːk/  /aʊər/: Giờ cao điểm

Ví dụ: The old bridge carries at peak hours about 12,000 vehicles a day.

  1. Community water source: Nguồn nước công cộng

Community /kəˈmjuː.nə.ti/ : công cộng

water /ˈwɔː.tər/   : nước

source  /sɔːs/ : Nguồn

Ví dụ: The outbreak highlighted the need for policies that would lead to improved community water sources and waste management throughout Kosovo.

  1. Dump dirty water: Xả nước bẩn

Dump  /dʌmp/ : đổ, xả

dirty  /ˈdɜː.ti/ : Bẩn

Ví dụ: Waves were dumping more dirty water on the dirty beach.

  1. Respiratory disease: Bệnh về đường hô hấp

Respiratory /rɪˈspɪr.ə.tər.i/ : hô hấp

disease  /dɪˈziːz/ : Bệnh

Ví dụ: Respiratory disease in children represented 13% of deaths from household ambient pollution.

  1. Asthma /ˈæs.mə/: Hen suyễn

Ví dụ: Also, the measure of asthma treatment is limited to self-report of having received treatment.

  1. Lung cancer: Ung thư phổi

Lung  /lʌŋ/  : phổi

cancer  /ˈkæn.sər/ : Ung thư

Ví dụ: Lung cancer strongly linked to smoking

  1. Water scarcity: Sự thiếu hụt nước

scarcity /ˈskeə.sə.ti/: sự khan hiếm, thiếu hụt

Ví dụ: Water scarcity and pollution are persistent global problems.

  1. Drive someone crazy /draɪv/ /ˈsʌm.wʌn/ /ˈkreɪ.zi/: Khiến ai đó phát điên

Ví dụ: He leaves dirty clothes all over the floor and it's driving me crazy.

  1. Take action /teɪk/ /ˈæk.ʃən/: Hành động (để giải quyết vấn đề)

Ví dụ: We must take action to deal with the problem before it spreads to other areas.

  1. Improve air quality: Cải thiện chất lượng không khí

Improve /ɪmˈpruːv/ : Cải thiện

air /eər/ : không khí

quality /ˈkwɒl.ə.ti/ : chất lượng

Ví dụ: The US said it would share data and tools to help improve air quality.

Mở rộng:

Người đọc hoàn toàn có thể sử dụng câu trả lời trên cho các chủ đề:

  • Describe a problem that you face in your city

  • Describe a type of pollution that causes a great problem in your city

IELTS Speaking Part 3 Sample

Why do people throw waste material on roads?

Gợi ý: a waste of time (lãng phí thời gian), trash bin (thùng rác), street cleaner (lao công), personal properties (tài sản cá nhân)

Simply because they don’t care. Those people have no idea about keeping streets clean or protecting the environment. They may think that it is a waste of time to find a trash bin while they can just throw the garbage on roads and someone such as a street cleaner will collect the waste later on. Besides, people might think that roads are not their personal properties so it’s not their responsibility to keep it clean.

How can the government encourage people to keep their city clean?

Gợi ý: trash bin (thùng rác), raise public awareness (tăng ý thức cộng đồng)

Personally, I believe that the most important thing is to keep trash bins at all public places and at a proper distance on roads. The government should make sure that it would not take people too much time to find a trash bin so that it can be convenient for them to throw trash in the right place. Besides, the government should spend more money on raising public awareness of the importance of having a clean environment. They should give some examples of illnesses that people may suffer from if their surroundings are dirty.

Do you think it is a good idea or bad idea to relocate factories far from cities?

Gợi ý: crowded (đông đúc), overpopulation (sự đông dân quá mức), more or less (hầu như, hầu hết), living standard (chất lượng cuộc sống)

Well, I think it would be amazing. You know, cities are so crowded already so if many factories are established here, the problem of pollution and overpopulation will become worse. Instead, if more factories are moved to rural areas, these problems will be more or less solved. Besides, living costs in small towns are much lower than in big cities so the life standard of factory workers will be improved. They can even save more money. So it is undoubtedly a great idea.

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