Bài viết dưới đây sẽ gợi ý bài mẫu cho chủ đề “Describe a situation when you had to spend a long time in a traffic jam” cùng các câu hỏi thường gặp và hướng dẫn cách trả lời rõ ràng và mạch lạc hơn cho chủ đề này. Ngoài ra, bài viết còn giới thiệu về những từ vựng và mẫu câu giúp người học tăng được band điểm mong muốn.
Bài mẫu chủ đề “Describe a situation when you had to spend a long time in a traffic jam”
Context (Bối cảnh)
Vài ngày trước
Mưa nhỏ đủ để làm ướt đường
Content (Nội dung)
Không có gió bão và mưa đã ngừng
Giao thông kẹt cứng hàng cây số
Tắt máy và dắt xe chậm rãi
Chật vật qua đám đông để về nhà
Conclusion (Kết thúc)
Chân và lưng đau, tâm trạng cáu giận
Chuyến đi 20 phút kéo dài gần 2 tiếng
Just the other day is a perfect example of when I was stuck in a traffic jam. There had been a little rain, nothing too serious, but enough that the roads were wet by the time I got out of school.
Traffic often becomes worse when there are weather issues, and that is understandable, but this particular day wasn’t stormy and the rain had already stopped. The traffic was bumper to bumper, stand still traffic for kilometer after kilometer. After a while of breathing in the exhaust from all the bikes around me, I decided that it was not worth it to even keep my bike on. I then just turned off my bike and essentially walked my bike back to my house very slowly as the traffic crept forward. It was very frustrating, but I knew the whole time that there was literally nothing I could do about it. I considered a few times just pulling off of the road and finding somewhere comfortable to sit for a while until the traffic cleared out, but it was still rather early and the clouds looked like they could start raining again at any moment, so I just struggled through until I eventually got home.
My feet hurt, my back hurt, and I was angry, but I was home at last. A trip that usually only takes me 20 minutes ended up taking very nearly 2 hours.
Từ vựng chủ đề “Describe a situation when you had to spend a long time in a traffic jam”
Understandable (a) /ˌʌn.dɚˈstæn.də.bəl/: có thể hiểu được
You have to put the facts into a form that's understandable to everyone.
bumper to bumper / ˈbʌmpə tu ˈbʌmpə /: phương tiện kẹt cứng sát với nhau
By eight o'clock the traffic was bumper to bumper.
exhaust (n) /ɪɡˈzɑːst/: khí thải
Car exhaust is the main reason for the city's pollution.
Pull off / pʊl ɒf /: hành động ngoài dự kiến
The central bank has pulled off one of the biggest financial rescues of recent years.
IELTS Speaking Part 3 Sample
Which vehicles are more likely to be in a traffic jam, cars or buses?
I think that once a traffic jam starts, it doesn’t matter much if you are in a car or a bus. What I think is a more interesting question would be which vehicle type is more likely to cause traffic congestion? For that one, I think that the answer is definitely cars. Buses fit a much larger number of people and that means that many more people can be moved at a given time, in a smaller space. This would also reduce the number of individual parts in the traffic flow and reduce likelihood of accidents.
Congestion (n) /kənˈdʒes.tʃən/: ùn tắc giao thông
Major airports will need new runways to relieve congestion.
likelihood (n) /ˈlaɪ.kli.hʊd/: khả năng
This latest dispute greatly increases the likelihood of a strike.
If you were in a traffic jam would you prefer to be in a car or a bus?
It depends on if I was driving the car or not. If I was a passenger then it would not matter to me if I was in a car or bus. That being said, I certainly would like the least to be driving a car in a traffic jam.
passenger (n) /ˈpæs.ən.dʒɚ/: hành khách
Taxis are allowed to carry no more than four passengers.
What do you think of people who always drive their car, even when they could just as easily use public transportation?
I think that there are two main reasons why people tend to do this, on one hand it is that people tend to keep a lot of important things in their cars. A laptop, books, etc. If they do not know what all will be needed throughout a day then it makes sense for them to bring their cars with them. On the other hand, I think that a lot of it is due to bravado. Having a car is a sign of social status in many places, and so even if it is hugely inconvenient for them to do so, they are going to bring it regardless, because it makes them feel successful.
Bravado (n) /brəˈvɑː.doʊ/: tự tôn
It was an act of bravado that made him ask his boss to resign.
social status / ˈsəʊʃl ˈsteɪtəs /: địa vị xã hội
Top-performing school systems are likely to have teachers with high social status.
Do you feel that traffic congestion in your hometown is better or worse than it used to be?
It is most definitely worse. My city has seen huge growth lately in multiple aspects. First, there has been a huge population boom and the construction of new roads and highways has not been fast enough to keep pace with the increasing population. The other important part of that growth to consider is economic growth. Most of the city is quite old and was designed for bicycles and motorbikes, whereas a larger percentage of the population is now driving cars.
keep pace with / kiːp peɪs wɪð /: bắt kịp với
Could you slow down - I can't keep pace with you.
Do you think only the government has the power to manage the problem of traffic jams?
I do not think that they are the only ones with the power to do so, but I think that it is most likely that they are the only ones with the coordination required to do so, and the authority. No private citizens are allowed to conduct road works, for example, without explicit government involvement. Even if they have the skills and funding to do so, and this is probably a good thing in the long run.
explicit (a) /ɪkˈsplɪs.ɪt/: rõ ràng, cụ thể
I gave her very explicit directions how to get here.
in the long run / ɪn ðə lɒŋ rʌn /: về lâu dài
It seems a lot of effort but I'm sure it's the bestsolution in the longrun.
Mong rằng với bài viết trên, người học có thêm kiến thức về cách xây dựng dàn ý, các từ vựng và câu hỏi IELTS Speaking Part 3 thông dụng cho đề bài “Describe a situation when you had to spend a long time in a traffic jam”.